Ultrasound is a diagnostic procedure that uses high-pitched sound waves that human ear can not hear, to have the image of inner organs.
Upper abdominal and pelvic sonography:
Liver, gallbladder, both kidneys, large veins in spleen and abdomen, bladder in women (uterine and ovarian), prostate and seminal vesicles in men are examined.
The embryo and cervical canal is examined in early pregnancies, and threat of miscarriage is investigated.In later pregnancies, the age of the fetus determined according to the mother’s LMD (last menstrual date) is compared with the week of measurements taken from the baby’s organs and information about the development of the baby. In this, placenta and amnion liquid are controlled.
Information regarding the size of thyroid lobe and ECO is obtained and also if there is a pathology the localization, structure and its size. If necessary, the vascularity of the nodule is evaluated with colored Doppler.
Uterus and ovaries are evaluted
Parotis, carotis, neck region, submandibular gland, axillary region and breast sonographies are performed.
The breast parenchyma is examined. If there is a pathology other than normal anatomy in the breast parenchyma, localization, structure and size of this pathology is determined.
Congenital hip dislocation is generally seen in 1-2/1000 ratio, however the simpler form called dysplasia is encountered in 1/100 ratio. If the diagnosis of hip dislocation and dysplasia can be made in first 3 months, a simple preventive treatment is possible. In the first three months, the bones of the hip are not sufficiently developed, so X-rays are insufficient in diagnosis. Ultrasonography can clearly evaluate the hip joint status and cartilage structure. For this reason, hip ultrasound has been accepted as a screening examination in the first 3 to 6 months and the application is recommended for all the newborns in the world.
Since bone structures known as soft spot (fontanelle) in newborn babies do not close the junction site, the intraocular structures of this region are evaluated sonographically. If the mass is detected, it is often seen in mammography reports that “ultrasonography examination is recommended” to determine whether the mass is in the cystic structure. The final decision whether mammography is normal or not is made by a doctor who has done breast examination and knows the woman’s medical details.
Ultrasonography-guided fine needle aspiration and marking cytological samples are taken with ultrasound-guided fine needles from the lesions in thyroid and breast tissue. The samples taken are evaluated by the pathologist. In particular, in cases where the fine needle samples in the breast will be insufficient, a thin wire lesion with a curved tip under the guidance of ultrasonography will be placed to the patient and she will be sent to the patient surgery specialist in this way.