Obstetrics and Gynaecology


Obstetrics and Gynaecology (often spelled “Obstetrics and Gynecology” in American English) is a medical specialty that focuses on the health and well-being of the female reproductive system. It encompasses two closely related but distinct areas:

Obstetrics: Obstetrics deals with pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. Obstetricians, who are medical doctors specializing in this field, care for pregnant women, monitor fetal development, provide prenatal care, assist with labor and delivery, and provide postpartum care. They address the various aspects of pregnancy, from conception to childbirth, and ensure the well-being of both the mother and the developing baby.

Gynaecology: Gynaecology is the branch of medicine that focuses on the female reproductive system outside of pregnancy. Gynaecologists provide care for women at various life stages, addressing issues such as menstruation, fertility, menopause, and a wide range of gynaecological conditions and diseases. They perform routine screenings, offer family planning and contraceptive advice, and diagnose and treat gynaecological issues, including conditions like fibroids, endometriosis, and infections.

Obstetricians and gynaecologists are often collectively referred to as OB-GYNs or simply gynecologists. These medical professionals receive specialized training in both obstetrics and gynaecology, allowing them to provide comprehensive care for women’s reproductive health throughout their lives, from adolescence through pregnancy and into menopause.

Some common services provided by OB-GYNs include:

  • Routine gynaecological examinations
  • Pregnancy care and prenatal check-ups
  • Management of labor and childbirth
  • Treatment for infertility
  • Family planning and contraceptive counseling
  • Management of reproductive system disorders and conditions
  • Cancer screenings, such as Pap smears for cervical cancer
  • Minimally invasive surgeries, including laparoscopy and hysteroscopy

Obstetrics and Gynaecology is a crucial medical specialty dedicated to the health and well-being of women. It plays a vital role in ensuring safe pregnancies, healthy childbirth, and the diagnosis and treatment of various gynaecological conditions. OB-GYNs provide care and support to women across a wide spectrum of reproductive health needs.